“Two Models of Polytheism”

November 29, 2019

My essay “Two Models of Polytheism” from Ascendant: Modern Essays on Polytheism and Theology will now be available as a free PDF here:

“Two Models of Polytheism,” pp. 63-80 in Ascendant: Modern Essays on Polytheism and Theology, ed. Michael Hardy (Bibliotheca Alexandrina, 2019).


The new issue of Walking the Worlds: A Biannual Journal of Polytheism and Spiritwork is now available. Single issues and one-year subscriptions are available from the Subscriptions page. Single issues can also be purchased from Amazon. This issue includes my article, “Egypt’s Returning Goddesses: A Theological Inquiry”. I wish to thank all the contributors, and as always extend my special gratitude to Dver Winter for her beautiful design work. Check out her full slate of affordable book design services at Winged Words Design.

Submissions are now open for the next issue, deadline December 1st. Check the Submission Guidelines page for further information.

I have made available here and on Academia an essay that originally appeared in the second issue of Walking the Worlds. I hope that you enjoy it:

“Universality and Locality in Platonic Polytheism,” Walking the Worlds Vol. 1, No. 2, Summer 2015, pp. 106-118.


The latest issue of Walking the Worlds: A Biannual Journal of Polytheism and Spiritwork (ISSN 2474-3135) is out, which contains my article “A Metaphysical Reading of Stoic Ekpyrôsis” as well as my review of Pagans and Philosophers:  The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz by John Marenbon.

Other articles in this issue include “Opening the Way: A Brief Study of the Standard of Wepwawet in Three Contexts” by Jennifer Wheatley, “To Bow or Not To Bow: Physical Expressions of Piety in Contemporary American Heathenry” by Galina Krasskova, “Wathanism” by Ali Omran, and “Attestations of Set as Re and Creator” by S.E.B. Logan.

Submissions are now invited for the journal’s Summer Solstice issue, deadline June 1st. There are no longer theme issues, and so any articles relevant to ancient or contemporary polytheisms will be considered, as well as pertinent book reviews. Consult the submission guidelines.

An annual subscription gets you 20% off the cover price, but the issue is also available from Amazon.



This volume, which contains my essay “Two Models of Polytheism”, is now available once again, after undergoing needed revisions. From the description on the Bibliotheca Alexandrina site:

Theology, the discipline that analyzes, examines, and seeks to explain religious ideas, is a vibrant area of inquiry. Scholars and philosophers have produced countless works of theology over the past several thousand years.

In the West, however, virtually all theology concerns monotheistic faith systems. Polytheism escapes the notice of most scholars, and those who do address it rarely write books intended for a general, non-academic audience. Polytheology must become its own active discipline if modern Pagan practice is to deepen and grow. Monotheistic assumptions so pervade our culture that even those few people born into polytheist religions (or those who grew up with no religion at all) cannot help but be influenced by them.

Polytheology raises questions that cannot be adequately addressed by answers originally developed in a monotheistic context. Because polytheism is inherently open to variation, the goal of polytheology is not to arrive at a single truth so much as to elucidate the possibilities, to honor and embrace differences, to explore the nature of the Gods and their relationship to humanity. These philosophical ideas provide a greater understanding of the Cosmos, Gods and humanity, and topics such as morality, mortality, and myth.

This volume — with contributions from Edward P. Butler, Patrick Dunn, John Michael Greer, Brandon Hensley, Wayne Keysor, and Gwendolyn Reece — is, we hope, a useful addition to this young but growing field.

Ascendant: Modern Essays on Polytheism and Theology is available in paperback and e-book from Amazon and a number of other retailers.


My article on Empedocles is now available here, from my Academia.edu page and on the Philosophy page:

Perceiving Aphrodite: Empedoclean Metaphysics


My review of the first volume of the new English translation of Hermias’ commentary on Plato’s Phaedrus by Dirk Baltzly and Michael Share has been posted to the Classical Journal Online Reviews page. My thanks to editor Sergio Yona for his helpful suggestions:

19.01.17 Hermias: On Plato Phaedrus 227a–245e

This paper was presented at the 115th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, on Jan. 9th, 2019, at the Indian Philosophy Association panel, Race, Subjectivity, and the Other: Hamman, Hegel, Schlegel, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche.

Other Monads, Other Shores: Metaphysical Pluralism Beyond Hegel


Rebecca Buchanan (whose latest book, Dame Evergreen and Other Poems of Myth, Magic and Madness is not to be missed) interviews me about my new book Essays on Hellenic Theology in the Winter Solstice 2018 issue of Eternal Haunted Summer:


I wrote a long-form review essay on Philology and Criticism: A Guide to Mahābhārata Textual Criticism, the new book by Vishwa Adluri and Joydeep Bagchee, which is now available on IndiaFacts.org:

Indology and the Crisis in the Humanities