I would like to acknowledge the work being done at Hellenismo to bring vanguard work on ancient polytheistic thought to readers of Portuguese, including new work in Portuguese as well as a translation project, of which my essay “Neoplatonism and Polytheism” was one of the first beneficiaries.

It is an honor for my work to be included in such an exciting project, and I extend my heartfelt thanks to Paulo Júnio de Oliveira and Antonio Vargas for their efforts translating the piece. This paper was presented at the American Academy of Religion Annual Meeting in November 2005, and printed for the first time in my Essays on a Polytheistic Philosophy of Religion.

Neoplatonismo e Politeísmo



I’m making available here the piece I recently published in Witches & Pagans magazine. I wish to thank the editor, Ann Newkirk Niven, for the opportunity to publish in her pages, as well as for the work she did to help make this essay clearer and more accessible to a wide, non-academic public.

Polycentric Polytheism

Interview on Polytheism

November 6, 2016

Today I was interviewed for The Dan Schneider Video Interview series along with Galina Krasskova. We had a wide-ranging discussion about many issues pertaining to polytheism. My thanks to Dan Schneider and to Galina for inviting me to participate. I hope you enjoy it: Dan Schneider Video Interview #149: Polytheism.

I was very pleased to contribute a short essay to a group review of Vishwa Adluri and Joydeep Bagchee‘s important book The Nay Science: A History of German Indology hosted by the International Journal of Dharma Studies. The journal compiled all of the essays together into a single review; my contribution is the first piece, titled “Written in a soul: Notes toward a new (old) philology,” pp. 1-4 in the electronic publication.

My essay takes up the challenge of a new philology evoked in the Preface of The Nay Science with specific reference to Plato’s Phaedrus and to the Egyptian scribal initiatory manual known to modern scholars as the “Book of Thoth”, building on my earlier articles on the Phaedrus (“Plato’s Gods and the Way of Ideas”, Diotima: Review of Philosophical Research 39 (2011), 73-87) and on the “Book of Thoth” (“Opening the Way of Writing: Semiotic Metaphysics in the Book of Thoth,” Practicing Gnosis, ed. DeConick, Shaw, and Turner (Leiden: Brill, 2013), 215-247).

The essay is available on the journal site: “Written in a soul: Notes toward a new (old) philology,” pp. 1-4 in “Reviews of The Nay Science,” Butler, E.P., Lenz, J.R., Vargas, A.L.C. et al., Int. J. Dharma Studies (2016) 4:10. doi:10.1186/s40613-016-0033-9

Or here, as a PDF.


The latest installment of my column on Polytheist.com has been posted. This column concludes a seven-part series on the nature of the Gods, of which the previous parts, along with all of my other columns, can be found here. As always, my heartfelt thanks go out to Polytheist.com’s editor, the Anomalous Thracian (of Thracian Exodus fame), for providing a platform on the internet for polytheist thought such as my own.



My new column has been posted at Polytheist.com, the sixth in my recent series on polytheistic speculative theology from henadological principles. Previous columns are archived here.



The latest installment in the series I’ve been doing on speculative theology has gone up at Polytheist.com. In this piece, the fifth in the series, I continue my exploration of what can be deduced solely from structural properties of the henadic manifold, in a Platonic idiom, but without strict dependence upon the processional structures of historical Platonism. The archive of previous columns can be accessed here.


The new issue of Walking the Worlds has the theme “Philosophy and Polytheism”, and I was pleased to contribute an article on Plato’s Euthyphro. Here’s the abstract:

In this reading of the Euthyphro, Socrates and Euthyphro are seen less in a primordial conflict between reason and devotion, than as sincere Hellenic polytheists engaged in an inquiry based upon a common intuition that, in addition to the irreducible agency of the Gods, there is also some irreducible intelligible content to holiness. This reading is supported by the fact that Euthyphro does not claim the authority of revelation for his decision to prosecute his father, but rather submits it to elenchus, and that Euthyphro does not embrace the ‘solution’ of theological voluntarism when Socrates explicitly offers it. Since the goal of this inquiry is neither to eliminate the noetic content of the holy, nor to eliminate the Gods’ agency, the purpose of the elenchus becomes the effort to articulate the results of this productive tension between the Gods and the intelligible on the several planes of Being implied by each conception of the holy which is successively taken up and dialectically overturned to yield the conception appropriate to the next higher plane, a style of interpretation characteristic of the ancient Neoplatonists.

I also wrote the introduction for this issue. My thanks to all of the contributors, and as always to the extraordinary Sara Kate Istra Winter, of A Forest Door, for her exquisite design work on the journal.

My new column is up at Polytheist.com, continuing my series on the nature of the Gods as conceived through the elementary properties of units. Previous columns can, as always, be found here.


The upcoming (June 2016) issue of Witches & Pagans magazine has “Polytheism” as its theme, for which I was pleased to contribute an article, “Polycentric Polytheism”. You can order the issue in print or electronic version from the Witches & Pagans Store at this page.