(Penwenti, Wonte, Wont, Unti) Wenty is a God with chiefly netherworld associations and depicted as a crocodile. In a depiction of the sun’s journey through the netherworld in the tomb of Ramesses IX the solar disk, surmounted by a ram’s head, is seen inside the body of this crocodile, and it is said there that “The disk of the great God opens the netherworld of Wenty. The God [Re] emerges from his mysteries. Wenty vomits; he ejaculates the eye of Re which is in his [Wenty’s] belly. Its [the eye’s] pupil enters into its apparitions,” (Borghouts 1973, 121). BD 136 states that “The hearts of Geb and Nut are glad in repeating the name of the new and youthful one, Unnofer [Osiris]. Re is his magic power; Wenty is what he is called.” Here, Re and Wenty seem to come together in Osiris. The name of Wenty occurs ambiguously in PT utterance 376, which breaks off after the exclamation “O knife of the castrator, O shining one, shining one, Wenty, Wenty! O sailor who uses his garments for the Day-bark!” The Day-bark is the mandjet, the boat in which Re travels through the day. The invocation is echoed in CT spell 885, which says at one point, “O Wenty, O sailor, the garments are put in the Day-bark. How honored is he who has done this!” The deceased states in CT spell 941 “I am swift as Wenty, who is set in the mouth of …” followed, unfortunately, by a lacuna. A scene from the Book of Aker has at its center a mummiform corpse with a solar disk inside it. In front of the mummy, a pair of arms rises from the earth; between the arms is a rising serpent, while on the palms of the hands stand a tiny God and Goddess praising the mummy. Immediately behind the mummy, a second pair of arms called “the arms of the darkness” lift up the crocodile Wenty (Penwenti here), as well as a jackal-headed and a ram-headed scepter (Hornung 1999, 103, 105).
In a vessel divination spell from the Demotic Magical Papyri (PDM xiv. 239-295 Betz/Col. IX Griffith & Thompson), the operator appears to invoke at one point a female bearing the epithet “fury [i.e. divine inspiration or furor] of her son Wenty [ḫyt n py-s s wnte]” who is to “awaken for me the Wentys from their misfortune,” that they may speak (p. 211 Betz/p. 73 Griffith & Thompson; trans. mod.). This may point to a mother for Wenty, otherwise unknown; but the passage is enigmatic.
Allen, T. G. 1974. The Book of the Dead or Going Forth by Day. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [BD]
Borghouts, J. F. 1978. Ancient Egyptian Magical Texts. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Faulkner, R. O. 1969. The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [PT]
Faulkner, R. O. 1973-8. The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts. 3 vols. Warminster: Aris & Phillips Ltd. [CT]
Hornung, Erik. 1999. The Ancient Egyptian Books of the Afterlife. Trans. David Lorton. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.