(Kebehsenuef, Qeb-) One of the four ‘sons of Horus‘, Kebehsenuf, whose name is interpreted as “he who refreshes/cleanses his brothers/associates” (compare Kebehwet) is depicted as a falcon-headed mummy on the jar containing the intestines of the deceased. Kebehsenuf, together with Horus and Duamutef, is said in CT spell 158/BD spell 112 to be among the “Souls [Bau] of Nekhen,” or Hierakonpolis, a town in Upper Egypt. An occurrence of Kebehsenuf alone occurs in BD spell 161, “for smashing an opening in the sky,” in order to “gain access to the solar disk” but also that the four winds may enter the nose of the deceased and return respiration to him/her. In the spell the litany “Re lives, the turtle dies” recurs four times once for each of the four winds; the third time, presumably corresponding to the west wind, it says “Re lives, the turtle dies, strangled by the flesh of Kebehsenuf” (for the ambivalent symbolism of the turtle in Egyptian theology, see Gutbub 1979).

Allen, T. G. 1974. The Book of the Dead or Going Forth by Day. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [BD]
Faulkner, R. O. 1973-8. The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts. 3 vols. Warminster: Aris & Phillips Ltd. [CT]
Gutbub, Adolphe. 1979. “La tortue animal cosmique bénéfique à l’époque ptolémaïque et romaine.” Pp. 391-435 in Hommages à la Mémoire de Serge Sauneron I. Cairo: Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale du Caire.

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